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Thermal Recovery of Oil and Bitumen ebook download

Thermal Recovery of Oil and Bitumen. Roger M. Butler

Thermal Recovery of Oil and Bitumen

ISBN: 0139149538,9780139149535 | 496 pages | 13 Mb

Download Thermal Recovery of Oil and Bitumen

Thermal Recovery of Oil and Bitumen Roger M. Butler

This apparently paradoxical situation is occurring because supplies of conventional crude oil have peaked while growing economies in South America have increased demand for refined fuel. Operators have implemented a wide range of methods to improve these operating efficiencies, applying improved technologies, heat recycling equipment, and solvent assisted recovery. In situ projects heat steam to high temperature to inject into bitumen reservoirs that are too deep to mine. With today's technology there are roughly 170 billion barrels of oil to be recovered in the tar sands, and an additional 1.63 trillion barrels worth underground if every last bit of bitumen could be separated from sand. It won't add any more to GHG emission than other sources of Oil, or indeed actually less, IF AND ONLY IF they use Nuclear Electricity, Nuclear Steam & Process Heat and Nuclear Hydrogen to extract & refine the bitumen. The University of Alberta, Canada, has inked an option agreement with Strata Oil & Gas Inc. For the exclusive Canadian license to its technology to extract bitumen from fractured carbonates. The technology can be implemented using established equipment and extraction materials while allowing for recycling of material and reduced thermal treatment. Image source:US EIA of oil sand assets in Alberta. A project's steam to oil ratio (SOR) measures the amount of steam that is required to be injected so as to produce one barrel of bitumen. Shell, for instance, is working on a "novel thermal recovery process"--embedding large electric heaters in the deposits and literally cooking the earth. Albertans have always known that in the northern part of their province, there are vast deposits of bitumen--black, tarlike goo that is mixed with sand, clay, water and oil. Thermal Projects Wabiskaw - Recognized the potential for cost-effective thermal recovery of a 2.0 billion barrel bitumen deposit in the Grand Rapids Formation within the Woodenhouse area. There are approximately 2.5 trillion barrels of the stuff, the largest on figuring out how to get the dirtiest possible oil out of the hardest-to-reach places. Than 20% with conventional techniques, Dhinsa says .

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